After an accident is reported, the insurance companies involved will begin their investigation. They will take statements from drivers, passengers, and witnesses and look at photographs of the scene, if available, and the damage caused. One helpful piece of evidence is the location of the damage on your car, which can yield important clues about who is to blame.
Different types of car accidents will leave damage on specific locations of the vehicles involved. For example:
Determining who is at fault by damage location alone isn’t always cut and dry. When there are more than two vehicles involved or if the car in front drove negligently, the damage may not be enough to get the complete picture of what happened. For example, a driver unnecessarily slams their brakes with no warning, and the driver behind them crashes into them. In this scenario, the driver in the back may not be at fault, but the damage location alone will not be enough to show that.
When determining fault from the damage in a car accident is difficult, it may be necessary to consult with an accident reconstruction expert. This type of expert can help determine fault with their knowledge of physics, dynamics, and engineering. They will closely examine the vehicle damage, the accident scene, take measurements, look for skid marks, and consider the injuries people suffered. Accident reconstruction experts can create models and even recreate an accident with software simulation to help prove who is at fault.
Although damage from a car accident will be critical in proving fault, there are other pieces of evidence an attorney will use to build a solid case, such as:
Each car accident case is unique, and the evidence you need to prove fault will differ by the circumstances.